Interior Design Elements: Making Your Indoors Look Fabulous

Interior Design Elements

Interior Design Elements

Empty rooms can be imposing to anyone who does not have an interior design know-how. You must know the interior design elements before you can even begin working on beautifying your home. These elements are your raw materials so you have to know how to use effectively use them.

Here are the basic elements of interior design –


This is the prime material in all interior designer’s palette. Through space, you can visualize forms, feel the wind, and hear different sounds. Space absorbs whatever aesthetic and sensual features the surroundings have. Space can be anything from wood or stone. In essence, it has no true definition; as soon as an element is introduced on its midst, it soaks it up and becomes it.

Geometric elements like line, point, volume and plane can be used to define space. Architecturally speaking, these basic elements are transformed into planar walls, linear columns, ornate roofs and beautiful floors.

More often than not, you are not able to determine space, instead, you are left with the challenge to utilize the space in the most effective manner.


In a nutshell, colors can affect your mood so they have a very powerful impact when it comes to the overall feel of the room. Since every shade comes with a particular psychological value, think hard before you invest in the paint or wallpaper that you buy. If you find it hard to decide on your own, read decorating books, magazines and blogs. Choose a limited range of colors since too many colors can create a cluttered look.


This is second only to color in relevance when it comes to creating the mood in a room. Lines come in dominant forms such as horizontal, vertical or diagonal. Your choice of highlighting the lines’ direction will define the kind of mood that you want to create.

Lines are also fused to create planes and shapes and finishes can be used to set up strong lines in a space. Horizontal lines tend to evoke grounding, stability, direction and emphasis. Mostly this kind of line creates length and lowers the ceiling but they can be effectively used to highlight a certain focal point.

Vertical lines, on the other hand, are associated with stability, strength, elevation and balance. These lines extend away from man’s visual plane, hence, it can create artificial altitude.


Lines that are fused together can form a particular shape which then puts an impact in a room. Straight lines can be used to create squares, rectangles and triangles. Curved lines are responsible for ovals and circles.

The term form is often used in architecture but it is just as important in interior design. Form is often referred to as form and space. This term describes the relationship between solids such as the ground, walls and ceiling and empty space in which such solids take form.


Interior design defines rhythm in a visual, repetitive pattern. This can be recurrence, continuity, or organization. To be able to achieve a workable theme in your design, you must know how to achieve repetition, progression, contrast and transition. Use these to have a semblance of movement in your space. Rhythm can take the eye from one element to the next.

Focal Point

All the interior design elements will never work if they appear bland or boring. A well-designed interior will always have one or more focal points. The focal point is something that draw attention from the viewers. This must be the dominant feature of the room. This is that something that leaves a lasting impression on your mind. Anything can be a focal point – it can be your flat screen TV, the bed (for all bedrooms), a beautiful artwork, or the fireplace.

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